Basics of puppy education

Anti-hunting training for dogs

The earlier, the better! This motto is guaranteed to be true for dog education. Young dogs are very curious and want to discover everything. You can use this. You can teach the dog in a playful but consistent way what is expected of him and what behavior is desired. In this article, you will read everything you need to know about puppy training!

Dogs need rules

A loving and consistent upbringing is necessary to live peacefully and stress-free with your dog. Dogs need to know their position in the family from the start. They have to learn where the limits are. This will not only have a positive influence on the mood in the house but also on the development of the dog. Dogs are pack animals and need clear structures and rules for their well-being. A negligent or insecure owner who gives his four-legged friend too much space or is inconsistent will confuse the young dog. This can lead to unwanted or even dangerous behavior. It is very difficult to unlearn such behavior from an adult dog.

Also Read: 5 steps for Anti-hunting training for dogs

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What does a puppy need to learn?

What should a puppy actually learn everything so that everything runs smoothly? And when is the right time to start parenting? You must have wondered this before you brought a young dog into your home. Undoubtedly, a rambunctious puppy can turn family life upside down and cause chaos in the house. That’s why it’s very important that you make it clear to the little whirlwind from the start what he can and cannot do.

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A clear line from the start

Your new roommate will make it difficult for you to stay consistent with his loyal gaze and clunky legs. Who can resist a cute puppy when he begs for a piece of sausage at the table or when he lays down next to you in bed? But how should a dog understand that he suddenly no longer has these privileges as an adult dog? So you have to make it clear from the start who’s boss. Show him what kind of behavior is important to you and what behavior you definitely don’t allow. If you follow a clear line from the start, your dog will quickly learn his place. This way you avoid problems in his adult life.

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Who’s the boss here?

If dogs learn who’s boss as a puppy, they generally accept this hierarchy for the rest of their lives. They do that provided you always take on the role of pack leader. Authoritarian leadership in companies and in the education of children is no longer common these days. However, this is absolutely necessary when raising a dog. Dogs want to be able to count on their owner. To follow his orders, he must be able to trust you. Clear commands, a calm but determined tone, and unambiguous body language give your dog a feeling of security.

Basics of puppy education

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Clear commands and unambiguous signals

Dogs are champions at reading facial expressions. They often respond more quickly to simple hand movements than to difficult sentences that they understand only through intonation. So think carefully about how you want to give the commands “sit”, “come” and “follow” and think of appropriate gestures. Always use these simple commands. Always use the same keywords and hand movements. To avoid misunderstandings, do not use long sentences such as: “Bello, you have to wait in front of the supermarket now because the owner has to do the shopping”. Obedience requires short, clear directions. Those cues should also always be associated with the same desired behavior.

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Praise and candy? Learning motivation through positive reinforcement

Your dog learns who is in charge in your “pack” through reliability and clear commands. Excessive rigor or a “hard hand” is not necessary. You would be more likely to frighten your sensitive pet with it. Of course, you don’t want your dog to listen to your commands out of fear, but rather that he happily follows the rules. But how do you get your puppy to love learning? Praise and rewards play an important role in the motivation of young dogs. In that regard, dogs are not much different from most people. Choose the method that will bring you the most success. Demotivate reprimands and punishments. That’s why you miss the point.

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Instant Reward

So that the dogs learn which behavior is correct and which behavior results in a reward, the reward must follow immediately. Dogs live in the now and always make a connection between the owner’s reaction and the current situation. The dog understands a rebuke only if it comes immediately. If your not-yet housebroken puppy does its business in front of the couch and you only notice it later, there is no point in punishing the dog for that.

It is better to reward him if he has managed to hold it long enough and do it outside. You can reward your dog with sweets (carefully, not too much!), cheerful words, gentle stroking, praising gestures, or toys. Dogs also like letting go of the leash, fooling around with other dogs, or playing with a ball together.

Puppy training, when is puppy training time?
In general, the right timing is important for successful parenting. To aIn order for the training to go well, it is important that the puppy is ready for the exercises. If he’s just playing around in the yard, playing with new toys, or is tired or hungry, it’s definitely not the right time to start training with the puppy.

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Concentration

Although puppies are very eager to learn, they can only hold their attention for a short time. Exercises that require them to concentrate for a long time are not suitable in the beginning. It is important to integrate the training into everyday life and to get the dog used to rules and rituals as early as possible. Make sure that your dog waits obediently when you prepare his food. Also, never give in to his begging behavior, praise him if he stays calm when the doorbell rings and give him a treat if he manages to wait alone in front of the bathroom door without whining.

Basics of puppy education

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What should I practice with the puppy?

It is not at all easy to always know what the puppy has to learn, to know when to reward the dog and what behavior to turn a blind eye to. Sometimes a new dog owner can’t see the wood for the trees because of the many tips from friends and on the internet. That is why it is important that you master the most important rules that you want to teach your four-legged friend. It should become a daily routine. That is certainly a challenge in the beginning, but in the future, it will make everyday life with the dog easier. It might help if you write down what basis you want to train your puppy. You can keep a training booklet and note which methods are positive and which work less well.

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The most important basics for puppy education at a glance

Practicing commands isn’t the only thing you need to practice with your puppy. Young dogs, which are separated from their mother from the eighth week and given a new owner, have to get used to the unfamiliar environment. They must gain trust in their owner, must learn to understand the house rules, and must learn to deal with strange people and animals. It is advisable to take the first days off to give the young four-legged friend a lot of love, security and time. Call the dog by name often, cuddle and play with him and let him eat treats from your hand: this will build trust and make the puppy feel comfortable with you. This is the main foundation for further educational goals.

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Cleanliness

During these first days at home, you can already start toilet training with your puppy. This is an important condition for a relaxed coexistence with your roommate. Take your puppy outside every two to three hours and praise him when he relieves himself at the side of the road or in the field. Enter fixed times for walks as soon as possible, for example after getting up, before or afternoon, before going to sleep. It is important that you take good care of your puppy. If he is tensely sniffing around the house, it could be a sign that he needs to go to the bathroom.

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Accident

Don’t get angry if things occasionally go wrong in the beginning and he empties his bladder on the carpet, for example. If you catch him doing it, a short “fuck” or “off” is enough to tell the dog you don’t want that. The puppy will not be potty trained overnight. That takes time and you need a lot of patience.

Setting boundaries when barking, biting and scratching

Puppies like to get to know the world through their mouths. They don’t know that furniture is valuable and that they shouldn’t bite into it. They also do not yet understand that people are more sensitive to biting than their brothers or sisters. Therefore, set the boundaries on time and consistently. By disapproving of unwanted behavior and praising desirable behavior extensively, your puppy learns how far he can go. He thus learns which behavior is rewarded.

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Attention seeking

It is best if you stop the puppy from grunting, barking, and begging at the table. You do this by ignoring him. If your dog is exhibiting this behavior, he will initially want your attention. He wants you to take care of him, play with him or feed him. If you don’t give him attention, he quickly learns that this behavior is not having the desired effect.

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Learning to walk on a leash

Adult dogs pulling on the leash can be a problem – it’s just not that easy to stop him. That was different when he was a light puppy. Walking on a limp dog leash should be on the program from the start. Even if it looks cute that your four-legged friend is discovering the world on clunky legs and even if you would like to follow him everywhere, don’t do it! Let him know from the start that you are in control and not the other way around. It’s not the dog who decides which way it goes, but you. So that the dog pays attention to you while walking and adapts to your pace, you have to make sure that the leash remains slack from the start. Once the puppy pulls on the leash, stop. Only when he comes your way again and the line is loose again, do you continue the walk.

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Practice makes perfect

To teach the dog to walk on a leash, you can add a treat or a loved one places toys in the distance on a large meadow. The puppy will probably want to run to it right away. Stop it immediately or move even further away from the object. Only when the puppy walks with you at your pace, do you go there with him. He won’t get the reward until he learns to keep himself in check.

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Come

You’ll save yourself a lot of stress and irritation if you teach your puppy to come when you call him right away, wait until you allow him to move on, and stay alone if you have to leave the house without him. There are various methods to achieve these goals. You should try out which method works best for your dog. It is important that you always reward him when he shows the desired behavior. Coming at your command (for example, “come”, “here” or by blowing a whistle) is best practiced when the puppy just comes running towards you. Call or whistle at exactly that moment and then reward him with his favorite food. Your dog learns that it makes sense to come quickly when you call him.

Basics of puppy education

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To wait

It goes the same way if you teach him to wait. The dog must learn not to jump out of the car as soon as the trunk opens, not to go out immediately when the front door opens, and not to jump on the food as soon as you open the closet door. Do not reward this behavior by giving in to his pushy behavior. Close the car door or front door immediately if you notice that your puppy wants to go outside. Only when he can wait patiently do you open the door again.

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Repetition

Repeat this until the dog continues to sit or stand near an open door. Then reward him by giving him permission to finally get out. You can do that with feeding in exactly the same way. Don’t fill his food bowl until he stops jumping or barking. If the dog immediately jumps on the food without your permission to eat, you should immediately take the food away again. Only when he calmly waits for you to give him the signal that he can start, can he eat his food.

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Stay alone

From 12  to 18 weeks you can just let your puppy slowly get used to it.

Of course, you should not leave your adult dog alone for too long. However, there are always situations or agreements where the dog would disturb. Your puppy must therefore learn as early as possible that he cannot go everywhere and that he must also be left alone from time to time. This works best if you integrate the practice of being alone unnoticed into everyday life. Also, don’t make being alone bigger than it is. In the beginning, occasionally leave the room for a few minutes, without saying goodbye. Come back in and act as nothing happened. Over time you can stay away longer and longer until your dog has learned to be alone longer.

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Variation

Only when you are sure that your dog remains calm during your absence can you leave the house. If your dog is very affectionate and immediately starts barking or whining as soon as you leave the room, you can vary the exercise by only going back into the room once the dog is calm. If you don’t want to leave your excited dog alone, at least ignore him when you re-enter the room. Only when he has calmed down do you give him a treat.

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Puppy education, different grooming rituals

If you want to keep a dog in an animal-friendly way, you must not only take care of his food, his exercise, and his education but also take good care of him. take care of. The coat should be brushed regularly. Paws, ears, and teeth should be cleaned and checked. The nails must be clipped. Teach your dog to sit still during these grooming rituals from the start. The dog must get used to having his ears, paws or belly touched from the start. This will make future visits to the vet easier. You can get him used to this when you cuddle with your puppy on the couch in the evening. Pet him under his belly, touch his ears, hold his paws for a few minutes or open his mouth with your hand. You will notice that your dog allows this more and more and that you will enjoy this care.

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To sleep

Because of all the exercises, you do with your puppy every day, the most important thing is sometimes forgotten: sleeping. Make sure to give the little dog enough sleep to process the many new impressions he gains every day. Let him sleep if he feels himself after a walk dog bed and doesn’t demand too much of him. You shouldn’t be keeping your little dog busy around the clock – after all, you can’t do this with your adult dog either. Also, let him play alone and explore – even the biggest little whirlwind is guaranteed to get tired at some point.

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Socialization

The more a puppy gets to know in his early months, the less will upset or frighten him later on. A vacuum cleaner, the washing machine or the TV, stormy children, fast bicycles, mopeds that make a lot of noise, people with sunglasses, people in wheelchairs or crying babies, noisy traffic or escalators – there is a lot to discover for a little puppy. Show him something new every day: you can use your daily walks to show the puppy strange places, noises, people or animals. But don’t overwhelm the dog. In the beginning, a few minutes in an unfamiliar environment are enough. For example, if you run into a noisy school class with your dog or go to a department store with your dog, you should also be back on time – best before the dog gets restless.

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Does it make sense to visit a puppy school?

It is a lot of work to get your puppy used to his environment and to teach him the rules of living together. Moreover, one needs a lot of patience, one must be consistent and have the right knowledge in-house. To avoid mistakes in the first months of the puppy’s life, especially dog ​​beginners should be informed about dog keeping, care, and upbringing. Puppy education through a puppy school, where your puppy learns targeted exercises from an experienced dog trainer. Not only does the dog learn the right behavior, but you also learn how to rehearse this behavior in everyday life. You learn to assess your puppy and you playfully create a bond of trust between you and your dog – the most important basis for a successful life together with your four-legged friend.

We wish you and your puppy a good start together!

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