This dog breed got its name from the English painter Maler Edwin Landseer, one of the most famous animal painters of the 19th century. He expresses his enthusiasm for the white-black giants with their benign character in numerous paintings.
Properties of the Landseer
The innate passion for water of these dogs is emphasized in the painting „Saved“ from 1856. This painting shows a white and black dog that rescued a child from the water and saved her life. The strong love for water and the ability to act independently in dangerous situations make the Landsheer a popular rescue dog that is used on the coast even today. But the four-legged friend is also very popular as a family dog. With his calm resigned nature, his faithful gaze, and his almost boundless conviviality, he wraps every family member around his paw.
This breed stands out for its special reliability and loyalty towards people. They are friendly, open, and can easily be taken anywhere thanks to their high adaptability. To friends of the family, representatives of this breed are benevolent and kind-hearted. Living together with other pets – after they have become accustomed to each other – usually does not cause any problems. In order to develop these positive qualities inherent in this breed, the purebred dog needs close contact with its family. Keeping it in a dog house is extremely unsuitable for this affectionate dog that needs love. To be happy, he needs closeness to his owner and the feeling of “belonging”. The Landseer needs a permanent place in the family. As a working dog, he likes to make himself useful. He would like to be used, for example, by carrying the groceries or collecting toys in the house.
So it doesn’t have to be challenging tasks such as training to be a rescue dog or avalanche dog – the Landseer also likes simple jobs. Other than a consistent yet loving owner, it doesn’t take much to keep a Landseer happy and sufficiently challenging him physically and mentally. The black and white pedigree dog does not make high demands on daily walks. A round through the forest or across the field is sufficient. A small lake or a stream really makes the dog happy, so that he can take a bath every now and then while walking.
Although the Landseer is a very cheerful and active dog, they are nice and quiet pets. Their hunting instincts are limited and they rarely bark. The dogs are also more reserved than aggressive towards strangers. Due to their innate vigilance, the dogs are vigilant, yet they soon show their friendly side when they notice that a guest is welcome.
Despite its easy-going nature, the Landseer – just like all dogs – needs a consistent upbringing. Take a look at our webshop for the right dog food for the Landseer. Finally, intelligent four-legged friends tend to be independent. That will not be desirable in some situations, but rather have the opposite effect. The dogs are quick-witted and very focused on people. As a result, they learn very quickly and are suitable for beginners because they are easy to train while respecting the most important rules.back to menu ↑
The Landseer does not only get compliments for his “good behavior”, the white and black dogs are also a real beauty in appearance. That will certainly attract a lot of admiring glances. With a height between 72 and 80 cm in males and 67 to 72 in females, the Landseer is undoubtedly one of the largest dog breeds that impress with its impressive appearance. While males weigh 60 to 75 pounds, females weigh 50 to 55 pounds. Despite their strong build, long coat, and easy-going nature, the dogs don’t seem ungainly – on the contrary, their bodies show muscle strength and energy, which distinguished them as the original working and water dogs of Canadian fishermen.
Unmistakable is the white-black coat color of the Landseer, which contributed to the development of this dog breed in the first place. The body is white with black plates, but the neck, chest, belly, legs, and tail should be white. The characteristic of the white muzzle is a not too wide, symmetrical white blaze on the blackhead. The black triangular lop ears are medium in size. The hairs on the head are rather short, but the rest of the coat is long and dense. Although it is a thick coat, the coat is soft to the touch. Despite the fact that the dog should have straight hair, slightly wavy top hair is allowed on the back and thighs.
The topcoat is interspersed with an undercoat, but not as close as on its closest relative, the black Newfoundland. The two breeds, the Newfoundland and the Landseer, both descend from the “Newfoundland Dogs”. They differ in their head, which looks slightly less massive on the Landseer. Also, the Landseer has a slightly longer snout than Newfoundland. In addition, the Landseer seems to be a bit bigger and more agile.back to menu ↑
History of Landseer Dog
Although the roots of this breed go way back, the Landseer’s history as an independently recognized dog breed is still relatively young. It was not until 1960 that the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) recognized the Landseer as an independent breed. Within the FCI, the breed is now classified under number 226 and group 2 (Pinschers, Schnauzers, Molossers and Mountain dogs) and section 2.2 (Mountain dogs).
Previously, Landseer was housed with the Newfoundland breed, which was brought to England from the Canadian Atlantic island of Newfoundland. The Newfoundland, which quickly became popular with British fishermen for its love of water and enthusiasm for work, is believed to be a cross between the dogs of the first European fishermen and those of the Canadian natives. Because it was customary to carry dogs on ships, the large dogs of the Portuguese, Basques, and Spaniards (who had frequented the rich fishing grounds of Newfoundland before the British) had interbred with the native dogs of Newfoundland. As a result, Newfoundlands, today’s Landseer and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs probably have common ancestors.
When the British navigators brought the imposing water dog to England, the “Newfoundland Dogs” quickly became very popular. Especially the nobility and the bourgeoisie liked to show off the impressive giant. In 1886 the “Newfoundland Club” was founded in England. They bred the white-black as well as the black and red-brown type. Because no colors were separated inbreeding, the black type was more common because the gene for black coat color is dominant. As a result, the white-black type became less and less common. By the late 1800s, the black and white type had all but fallen into oblivion in England.
The fact that the Landseer is now recognized as an independent breed is thanks to cynologists from Germany and Switzerland. At the turn of the century, German and Swiss breeders brought the few dogs that could still be used for breeding from England to mainland Europe. They started here with pure breeding of the white-black type. According to the already popular name for this color variety of Newfoundland, the new breed was given the name “Landseer”. The painter Edwin Landseer, who also preferred the white-black type in his paintings, was already known for his animal paintings in the middle of the 19th century. In England, the white and black Newfoundlands were then nicknamed “Landseer Dog”.
In addition to the Landseer breed, which was recognized by the FCI in 1960, there are also black and white Newfoundlands today. However, these are still in the minority.back to menu ↑
Breeding and health
Although the Landseer is a very robust dog breed and he is fortunately spared breed-typical diseases, this breed also has a predisposition for distemper that mainly occurs in large dog breeds. For example, hip dysplasia (HD) and cartilage disorders. Heart disease or gastric torsion is also occasionally diagnosed in this breed. Fortunately, the risk of disease can be reduced. This can be done by keeping the dog in the right way and letting him walk enough. It is especially important to visit the vet regularly for check-ups and to give the dog the right food. It is better to feed several small meals a day than a large meal at once. The life expectancy of the Landseer is on average 10 years.
Moreover, responsible breeding contributes to the health of the animals. The Landseer may only be bred according to strict rules for both the breeding stock and the breeders. Strict controls and the exclusion of breeding stock can reduce the risk of hip dysplasia. The medical care of the breeding animals, vaccinations and research, as well as high-quality feed for the mother and the puppies result in high costs. With prices around 1000 euros per puppy, the costs for the breeder are often barely covered. Caution is advised with offers that are clearly lower. Such stunt prices are only possible if strict breeding rules are not observed. It is mainly the animals that have to pay these cheap prices with their mental and physical health. But it can be expensive for you as a buyer: expensive bills from a vet or a dog therapist are often the results.back to menu ↑
Take care and keep
If you decide to buy a purebred dog, you should not save on the purchase price. Contact a registered reputable breeder who cares more about the well-being of the dog than doing business. A serious breeder will scrutinize you to determine if you are the right person for their puppy – they will also advise you to reconsider purchasing such a large dog if he feels that not all conditions for the optimal posture of a Landseer are met.
But what are the ideal conditions? First, there must be sufficient available space. A large dog like the Landseer naturally needs a lot of space in the house and garden. A Landseer is out of place in an apartment in the city. It is important that there is a natural environment, a park, a forest, or a field nearby so that you have enough variety during the daily walks. Just like a garden in which the Landsheer can fool around without his owner, so dog toys are of great importance. Daily walks don’t have to be that long to satisfy a Landseer. De Landseer will prefer to go swimming only if there is a stream or lake nearby.
So if you really want to make your dog happy, make sure he or she can go into the water regularly. Just as important as water is proximity to the owner. A family in which the Landseer can take a permanent place and where he feels loved and used is another requirement for keeping this good-natured giant. If there is also enough time and money (after all, keeping a large dog costs a considerable monthly amount not to be underestimated) nothing stands in the way of a long happy relationship between dog and human. Finally, hardly any other creature brings with it such a concentrated charge of kindness, loyalty, good nature, and trustworthiness as the Landseer.