When we talk about dog food, the most widespread option that we find, due to its great offer, is that of I think dry. In the market, there are a large number of brands that produce I think dry adapted to each age, energy need, and clinical status of our pets.
Age and size
We have already commented on occasion the importance of age and size of our dog when choosing the most appropriate food. In addition to taking into account, the pathologies that our pet may have, in general, we will have to see the stage of life in which our dog is (puppy / adult / senior) and also the size (small / medium breed dog / large), since the energy needs of the dog vary depending on these factors and, therefore, the food will be adapted to these needs.back to menu ↑
In dry feed containers, we find the table of analytical components, which is convenient to look at when choosing our food for the dog. We will find the levels of protein, fat content, crude fiber, and inorganic matter (minerals).
Protein It is important for the maintenance of vital functions and muscles of our pets. This does not mean that a feed is better if it has more protein content since each type of feed is designed for a class of animal or physiological state.
We also have to take into account the quality of the protein. It is very important that it is digestible, that is, that it can be absorbed by the dog’s body for better use.
The fat It is a source of energy and facilitates the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. It is also a source of essential fatty acids, which intervene, for example, in blood clotting, in the development of the nervous system, in the maintenance of hair and skin, in reproduction and fertility …
Now, an excess of fat in dog food can cause obesity and cause other associated pathologies.
According to the fiber, contributes to intestinal activity and good quality of stools. It also contributes to the control of sugar and cholesterol in the blood and to weight control, since it is satiating.
The inorganic material is also known as “crude ash” is the content of minerals in the food and they are essential for the metabolic processes of the body.back to menu ↑
Complete and complimentary food
When we talk about dog food, we must also take into account whether it is a complete or complementary food. A complete food It is a feed whose composition covers all the nutritional needs of our pet and, therefore, it is enough to feed it daily. That is, it can be administered as a single diet. They are dry, semi-humid, or moist feed.
And a complementary food is a feed whose composition has a high content of certain substances and which is not sufficient for a daily diet unless it is used in combination with another feed. That is, it cannot be administered as a single diet. They are the “snacks” or “treats” that we give to our pets.back to menu ↑
Harmful dog food
We have to be aware that the food that we usually eat can be harmful to our dogs. We may think that if food is good for us, it is also good for our animals, and it is not, since we can put the health of our pets at risk.
At times, our dog may ask us to eat what we are consuming, but we must know that some foods can be dangerous for our pets, causing digestive problems (vomiting and diarrhea), fever, heart problems, anemia, muscular and respiratory problems, liver … and can even cause death.
Here are some harmful foods for our dogs:
Chocolate (theobromine), coffee, tea; grapes and raisins; onion and garlic; avocado; macadamia nuts; alcohol (present in alcoholic beverages and also in fermented food products such as overripe apples or raw bread dough); xylitol (artificial sweetener present in candies, cookies).