How to know if my dog ​​has Diabetes | SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS

Today we are going to see one of the silent diseases: diabetes in dogs.

In general, endocrine diseases – diseases due to hormonal alterations – tend to go unnoticed in their early stages, without being noticed through clear symptoms, until there is a great alteration or even alteration of other organs.

Diabetes is one of these hormonal diseases, so we are going to know a little more about it, and thus be able to anticipate and find out if our dog is diabetic. In addition, we will also know the special feeds for diabetic dogs and other foods that we have today.

What is diabetes in dogs and what types are there

The pancreas is responsible for producing insulin, a hormone that is responsible for activating cells throughout the body to use glucose.

When we or our furry have diabetes (diabetes mellitus), it is due to an alteration either in the manufacture of insulin (type I) or in its use (type II).

  • Type I is the most common in dogs. What happens is that the pancreas does not make insulin and, therefore, the cells cannot use glucose (there is a prolonged increase in blood glucose).
  • Type IIOn the contrary, the pancreas is capable of manufacturing insulin, but the body is unable to use it because there is a resistance to it. This is the most typical of overweight dogs and cats.

Generally, both non-manufacturing and endurance usually affect dogs of middle-advanced age, especially more females, and there are some breeds such as Schnauzers, Poodles or Beagles who are more predisposed to suffer it.

What symptoms does diabetes produce in dogs?

Having a high blood glucose level may go unnoticed for a while, but when the elevated level begins to have negative effects on our little ones, it is when we can notice some symptoms of diabetes.

And what problems does high blood glucose cause?

As the cells cannot use it, all that increased glucose is filtered by the kidney and is eliminated through urine. Also, by not using glucose for energy, they need to break down body fat in order to function.

In this way, the first symptoms can be:

  • Increased appetite, because the body wants to get more glucose through food.
  • Weightloss, since fats are mobilized for energy.
  • Increased urinary tract infections since glucose is excreted in the urine, and this action enchants the bacteria to feed themselves.
  • The increased amount of pee. Let’s not forget that our furry animals are little animals that make much more pee, but with urinary infection, in addition to the release of glucose that carries water with it, our little ones will lose a lot of water.
  • And it will also lead them to ingest it, which leads to increased thirst and the amount of water you drink each day.
  • Due to high blood glucose levels, we can also observe the formation of cataracts. Glucose causes a substance called sorbitol to precipitate and deposit in the lens, in addition to fructose, and that so common whitish opacity appears in the eyes that, depending on its degree, will cause blindness.

As you can see, they are symptoms that can go unnoticed until they become chronic over time, or we can even ignore them believing that they are the result of heat in summer or much milder illnesses.

Once we have suspicions or know that our dog suffers from diabetes, it is best to go to a veterinarian. Ruling out or diagnosing diabetes is very simple and inexpensive. All you have to do is measure the amount of glucose (fasting) in both blood and urine.

A molecule has been found in blood called fructosamine which, broadly speaking, gives us an average value of blood glucose for the last 14 days with a single sample. If fructosamine is high, it means that glucose in our little one has been high for at least 14 days. If glucose is observed in the urine when it is normal for there to be 0, we already have our diagnosis.

How is diabetes treated in a dog?

The last step is going to be a specific and lifelong treatment in our little one. We must assume that the treatment is continuous, it is not a disease that will be cured in a certain time and we can forget about it. We will start at the time of diagnosis and will always have to continue.

We explain the important keys to follow during treatment:

  • INSULIN - DIABETES IN DOGS: Symptoms and Treatments

Insulin supply

The first of all will be to supply the insulin, that is, if your body does not produce enough insulin, we will have to give it to you from outside. Today there is only one way to do it and that is through a puncture.

What a new situation is going to be like is a matter of creating the habit of pricking our furry to see it normal. Today there are needles and syringes so small that they make them easy to use.

Exercise

The second is an increase in moderate exercise. Being overweight should be avoided because it is a great ally of diabetes and can lead to more insulin resistance.

A dog with an ideal weight greatly reduces the risk of creating insulin resistance.

Feeding

Finally, and very important, it is feeding.

Food for diabetic dogs is a key point. First, because we administer insulin in relation to the amount of food our little one takes, and second because we will have to provide everything he needs.

The best thing to have a healthy, happy, and strong dog in the face of diabetes is to use an I think very balanced and do without homemade food.

With a feed for diabetic dogs, we can reduce the amount of insulin needed to control the disease and improve the chances of remission. Diet should allow us to control overweight, minimize the stimulation of pancreatic cells by glucose and stimulate the secretion of insulin.

To reduce overweight should be a feed with the minimal but necessary fat level so that it provides the necessary energy intake.

In addition, the benefits for the control of diabetes have been seen when using feed with high protein and fiber content (delays the absorption of glucose). A very important point is that it includes a contribution of L-carnitine and arginine that promote the manufacture of glucose by the pancreas.

So you already know! If your furry dog ​​shows some of the symptoms of diabetes in dogs, we recommend a visit to your trusted veterinarian.

In addition, an increase in exercise and a good diet for diabetics will allow us better control of the disease with less insulin doses and, therefore, a better quality of life for our little one and fewer problems due to complications of the disease.

 

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