Canine behaviors

We talk to our dogs continuously, but they also talk to us in their own way. Furry people have a fascinating language. What do you think each movement your furry makes means?

First of all, you need to understand their behavior. All canines, both purebred and mestizo, present a general pattern of behavior. Dogs are predators and their bodies are designed to hunt, chase, kill, and eat. The size, type and color of their coat, the degree of activity they exhibit, and the ability to be trained are all incidental characteristics.

Over time the tasks performed by canines have been disappearing or have been replaced by sports competitions, but the dog has not lost its predatory instinct. Some exhibit breed-specific behaviors, such as the ability to track, the degree of territoriality, the strong desire to run, fierceness in the face of prey, or the ability to handle livestock. For this it is divided into 7 groups.

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The 7 groups according to their characteristics:

  1. Sports
    Active by nature, always alert to their surroundings, they hunt and recover their prey.
    Among this group is the breeds: Pointer, Retriever, Setter and Cocker. It should be taken into account that when adopting any of these breeds, they require rigorous exercise.
  2. Hounds
    In this group of races they share common ancestors with the dogs that were used for hunting. Some have a powerful sense of smell to follow trails, others are strong enough to run and take down their prey. Among the breeds that make up this group are: Blood hound, Afghan, and Beagle. It should be taken into account before adopting a breed from this group that some tend to howl.
  3. Working dogs
    They develop different tasks such as guard, rescue, car shooters and sleds. Smart, fast learners and good companions. Some breeds found in this group are: Doberman, Siberian Husky, and Great Dane. Due to their size and strength, some are not recommended as pets, if they are adopted they must be properly trained.
  4. Terriers
    Energetic, playful and of various sizes. They are furry little tolerant to other dogs, their predecessors were hunters and exterminators of pests. They are anxious and generally disobedient. Among them are: West White Terrier and Airdale Terrier. Many of them have long and curly hair, which requires special care, so you need to be rigid to deal with the temperament of these furry ones.
  5. Ornamental
    They are small and with an innocent expression, but they are furry, short-tempered and barking. Ideal to have in small spaces, such as apartments. Their ancestors were used as bed warmers and attracted fleas from royal castles and old mansions. Some breeds that belong to this group are: Maltese, Chihuahua, Yorkshire Terrier, Toy Poodle, etc. But it is necessary to consider, before choosing one of these furry ones, that they are curmudgeonly and mischievous, but because of their size they are easy to control.
  6. Not sports
    In this group they are very diverse, with different characteristics, which are like: Chow Chow, Dalmatian and Bulldog. There are great variety of colors in cape, appearance and personality. Formerly they carried out jobs as guardians or exterminators of rats, caretakers of horses, carriages and others, they simply warned the Tibetan monks of the presence of an intruder, such as the Lhassa Apso. It should be borne in mind that some of them need specific care before adopting it.
  7. pastors
    All of these have the ability to control animal movements. Although most of the dogs in this group that are used as pets, they never encountered herds, but they do not lose the instinct to order and take care of groups, therefore they are good furry to take care of the children of the family. They are intelligent, excellent companions and they love exercise, among them we can find: German Sheepdog, Old English Shepherd, Belgian Shepherd and Collie.

General aspects and behavior

Now, understanding their characteristics in general, each of them can show a different facet in their state of mind. Some may present it excessively and others very rarely.

They have a great social instinct like the wolf and need to establish order within the pack. Today, dogs spend most of their time with humans, the adoptive family representing the pack. Normally there are two leaders (male and female), called “alpha” or dominant, the rest of the group are subordinate to this couple. Leaders can be canine or human.

This complex social system is maintained through visual, physical, auditory and olfactory signs. The language of the body is very important to know the place that the animal occupies in the group.

• If the dog has its tail lowered, its ears back, it moves its tail, licks the face of another animal, lies down showing its abdomen, urinates, we are dealing with a dog that shows submission

• If the tail is erect, the head is high, the ears are up, and the eye contact is direct, we are dealing with a dominant dog. This does not mean that the animal is going to bite, it does mean that it has a very high self-esteem and others, including man, should know about it.

• If the forelimbs are extended, the chest is almost touching the floor, the ears are turned back, a high-pitched bark, the hindquarters are up, and the tail wags, the animal is inviting another animal or person to play.

• If your furry sniffs the ground before going to introduce himself to another dog, you should be very happy, since it is a sign of calm from a polite dog. You are trying to communicate that you are not looking for trouble or invading your personal space.

• If you observe that your pet shakes, it indicates that the dog is quite stressed and seeks to release its tension by shaking completely. A flight and other signs of calm generally follow.

• When he begins to walk in circles together with another furry dog ​​and, later, they sniff each other, it is a sign of positive calm between both dogs. It is a cordial greeting

• Finally, to identify when a dog is upset, stressed and on the verge of attacking another pet or one of us, its hair begins to stand on end, its tail erect, its ears back and its body completely immobile, visualizing an exact point, in addition that then gradually begins to reveal the fangs.

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