A small-sized Pinscher? Make no mistake! The Miniature Pinscher is a ‘real male’. Those looking for a nice and cozy lap dog have come to the wrong place with the Miniature Pinscher. Despite its size, the lively family dog has a huge appetite for sport and exercise and keeps its owners moving.
In appearance, the Miniature Pinscher is the little twin brother of the German Pinscher, a mini version of the larger Pinschers, as it were. With a height of 25 to 30 cm, the mini version is about 20 cm lower than its ‘big brother’ and with only 4-6 kilos of body weight, it is even about ten kilos lighter.
Like the German Pinscher, the Miniature Pinscher shows a square build, that is, the body height and length are about the same length. The length of the head also corresponds to the length from the withers to the base of the tail. The Miniature Pinscher has a very muscular and elegant body, which is particularly well expressed thanks to its short, smooth hair. Its head is strong and elongated, its forehead flat and unwrinkled. The V-shaped ears are set high on its head. Miniature Pinschers come with both erect ears and floppy ears. The fold line must start under or at the most at the height of the skull. The tail is natural, the breeding target is a saber or sickle shape.
The tight, wrinkle-free skin is covered with dense, short hair and has no bald spots. Thanks to the smooth hair structure, the coat has a beautiful shine. Miniature Pinschers come in both black-red and monochromatic brown. In the black-red variant, black is the basic color with brown-red accents. The possibly dark and sharp accents can occur above the eyes, on the throat, on the front legs, on the inside of the hind legs and under the tail base. Also characteristic are the two uniform, sharply delineated triangles on the front of the chest. In monocolored dogs, the brown shade of the coat ranges from red-brown to dark red-brown. Because of its deer-red coat color, the Dwerpinscher is also called a Deerpinscher.back to menu ↑
Features of the Miniature Pinscher
With regard to the German Pinscher, the Miniature Pinscher is therefore called Minipinscher or Miniature Pinscher in English. Unlike other small dog breeds, dwarfism does not pose any health risks. The Miniature Pinscher’s body is full of power and if you take a close look at it, you’ll quickly see how robust and sporty the little guy really is. Miniature Pinschers are dogs you can count on, whether driving, walking, clambering, cycling or jogging: the small, agile and fast dogs are enthusiastic about almost all sporting activities with their owners. Most importantly, they are busy!
The affectionate animals don’t like to be alone, the old saying ‘A Pinscher doesn’t like to be alone!’ is no coincidence. Miniature Pinschers are very fond of their owners and follow them closely. They have the usual “one man dog” behavior. All their love is directed to one person. This doesn’t mean they can’t bond closely with the other family members, disobey or want to walk with them, but the real ‘complete’ feeling the Miniature Pinscher has only with her closest confidant by his side. In his book ‘The German Dogs’, published in 1905, Richard Strebel wrote about a Miniature Pinscher who lived with him around the turn of the century: ‘His character is admirable, he recognizes only my wife in the whole house, even though we all know him. pamper and do our best to win his love,
Although the Miniature Pinscher is generally considered to be well-balanced, playful and always good-humoured, today they also display the main guarding instincts of their ancestors who were tasked with protecting the house and yard from intruders. Especially when it comes to the well-being of their beloved owner, the Miniature Pinscher shows a low threshold. Extensive socialization as puppies and consistent training can prevent them from barking aggressively. Miniature Pinschers show a strong willingness to learn and are easy to train thanks to their quick adaptability. The room for a good dose of curiosity and the opportunity to develop freely to a certain extent should of course be offered to the vigilant four-legged friend.
A Miniature Pinscher clearly needs more opportunities for freedom than other dog breeds of his size and wants to be challenged not only physically, but also mentally. When this urge is taken into account, for example by means of dog sport, otherwise the nervous-prone Miniature Pinscher becomes a pleasant and balanced family dog. Also towards other pets, such as cats or birds, he shows himself very tolerable. Leaving mice or cats fleeing from him can repeatedly awaken the Miniature Pinscher’s innate hunting instinct.back to menu ↑
With regard to the history of the Miniature Pinscher, the pronounced guarding and hunting instinct is not surprising. Pinscher-type dogs are descended from the Spitz, who joined humans many thousands of years ago. The skull and bones show findings that this ‘prototype dog’ guarded settlements against rodents and other vermin as early as the Stone Age. At the end of the 19th century, the Pinscher could be found on almost every farm. The four-legged friends were very popular among farmers because of their vigilance and their skills in hunting rats and mice. Even a survival expert like the rat can barely escape the attentive nature and agile and agile legs of the Pinscher.
Smooth and rough-haired Pinschers, known today as Schnauzers, used to belong to the same breed, as did the history of the “Pinscher-Schnauzer Clubs” that still exist today from 1895. Not until the early 20th century Club founder Joseph Berta began to separate breeding for rough- and smooth-haired Pinschers. Pure breeding of the Miniature Pinscher started early in this regard and so the Miniature Pinscher quickly separated from its larger congeners. Unlike the German Pinscher, the Miniature Pinscher quickly became a popular pet. Already at the beginning of the century, the animal was kept in large numbers in private households. The 1925 Pinscher-Schnauzer-Club studbook already had 1,300 entries. Especially the ladies from the higher segment liked to be accompanied by the elegant dog. In 1937 Felix Spoel described the popular dog with the words: ”He needs little space and care, can be very modest and well-mannered and is sexy and elegant, even a little bit naughty. With his tight legs, his short, smooth coat, he can safely approach the most elegantly upholstered furniture”
However, as one of the first breeders, Joseph Berta recognized that the image of the simple ‘lap dog’ was not justified in the Miniature Pinscher. Berta was so impressed with his own Dwerpinscher that he reported: “I’ve had many brave dogs and some have made memorable keepsakes in my house, but Max is the best, most intelligent, most pleasant and most helpful housemate I’ve ever had. I’ve had to!” With his praise, Berta motivated other dog breeders to turn to this special breed. Berta and his colleagues were the ones who ultimately made the miniature what it is today: an unmistakable dog with good character, keen temperament, good health and proud beauty.back to menu ↑
Breeding and health
Ernst Kniss-Leipzig is one of the most famous breeders of the healthy and elegant Miniature Pinscher, who founded the Miniature Pinscher kennel ‘vom Klein Paris’, with his dogs ‘Champion Wichtel’, ‘Ulrich’, ‘Dirndl’, ‘Heinerle’ and ‘Gretel von Klein-Paris’ contributed significantly to the realization of the breeding goal.
Under renowned breeding, the breed standard and the health of the Dwerpinscher also includes membership of the Schnauzer-Pinscher Club. The healthy development of the breed should always come first. Diseases common in small dogs are different in Miniature Pinschers. On the contrary, Miniature Pinschers are considered to be very vital and healthy dogs. In this respect, they have nothing in common with the so-called ‘Mini Miniature Pinschers’ or the ‘Prague Rats’ which are bred excessively small and delicate and therefore are particularly vulnerable to disease. These small dogs, which sometimes weigh as little as two pounds when grown, usually come from mass-breeding and are not recognized by the FCI.
Besides the name Miniature Pinscher, the ‘Mini Miniature Pinschers’ have at most their cold sensitivity in common. Especially the thin ears are a particular risk for suffering from frostbite. At very low temperatures, it is better for the Miniature Pinscher to wear a dog jacket as protection.
When choosing a suitable Miniature Pinscher breeder, you should check carefully that they are breeding according to the prescribed breed standard of the FCI. To be convinced of the breeder’s seriousness you need to be able to visit him at home and get to know the litter in their natural habitat, both the mother and the cubs. On such a visit to the breeder, he will give you more detailed information about the characteristics of the breed and can give you many valuable tips on education and nutrition. Of course, he will also inquire about your living conditions. This is the only way he can check if one of his Miniature Pinschers is in good hands with you. A serious breeder is keen to sell their puppies to a suitable keeper and not to get rid of their puppies as quickly as possible.back to menu ↑
Miniature Pinscher Feeding
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Education and attitude
When buying a Miniature Pinscher you should be aware that although it is a small dog, this dog needs no less attention and walking than its larger counterparts.
Miniature Pinschers are very affectionate dogs that need a lot of contact with their owners. Full-time professionals who have to leave their pets alone a lot are therefore not suitable. The most suitable are sporty, enthusiastic people who have the time and who would like to go for walks with their four-legged friends more often than usual. Despite its size, the Miniature Pinscher is an excellent companion for various recreational activities such as horseback riding, hiking, climbing, jogging or cycling. Also in dog sports, such as agility, the fast and agile dog is in its element. Miniature Pinscher owners should not only invest their time in communal sports, but also in a consistent education. At a dog school, the Miniature Pinscher learns to control his short fuse and to react calmly despite his innate control drive. Ideally, this socialization begins when it is still a puppy. Because Miniature Pinscher puppies need a lot of care, attention and education, they are not suitable for families with children younger than three years.
For a good education and socialization sports with your four-legged friend is of course essential, because the dogs get enough exercise outside, they can sometimes even lie down and relax at home. When sufficient physical and mental challenges are guaranteed, a Miniature Pinscher can thrive in a home due to its size. Aside from their extensive sporting and educational activities, Miniature Pinschers’ physical care is very simple. The short coat rarely needs brushing. To remove dirt from the outside, a brief wipe with a damp cloth is usually sufficient.
So Miniature Pinschers need people who can appreciate their cheerful temperament and have the will and time to blame themselves completely on them. As a thank you, the Miniature Pinscher is guaranteed to bring liveliness and a good mood into your home. Their owners can look forward to a loyal companion who is always in the mood for play and will never consciously leave your side.