Chinese Crested: all about these small breed of canine

The Chinese crested It is a very beloved breed, both in its variety with hair and in the one with sparse fur, this is due to its amazing features, since it is a very active, cheerful, sweet, friendly, lively, familiar and obedient breed.

But there are still many more aspects about this breed that we need to know if we want to have it as a companion dog.

Chinese Crested Breed Token

Classification

  • AKC Classification: Miniature
  • UKC Classification: Service dog

Physical characteristics

  • Height: 15- 35 cm.
  • Body mass: 3- 10 kg.
  • Life expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Personality: active, cheerful, sweet, friendly, lively, familiar and obedient.
  • Hair Colors: any color and combination.

Behaviour

  • Family: leal.
  • Kids: Good partner.
  • Strangers: shy.
  • Tendency to bark: baja.

care

  • General health: high.
  • Loose hair: half.
  • Need for exercise: baja.
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Origin and history

The origin of the Chinese Crested breed is not exactly known, however it belongs to one of the many hairless breeds in the world. There are several theories about its origin, on the one hand it is believed that the race was developed by people of China from African hairless dogs, crossed with very small breeds and created a small companion dog, to monitor and control rat populations on ships. On the other hand, the mutation that produces hairless dogs is more common in Central and South America, where explorers found this breed in the 16th century.

There are records of the existence of this breed in the 13th century in China, It was a very popular breed at the time and became popular again in the 1970s. The AKC recognized the Chinese Crested as a breed in 1991.

Currently, the Chinese crested It is not one of the best known breeds, however it is increasingly acquiring more popularity due to their simple care and easy training.

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Characteristics

The Chinese crested it’s a breed miniature, light, fine, alert, elegant and graceful.

Their weight varies between 2 and 5 kg, their height is between 23 and 33cm and their life expectancy is around 13 years.

The head of the Chinese Crested is wedge-shaped, the ears are naturally erect and set low. Regarding the breed in general, her body It is a little longer than it is tall, with a horizontal back, a rounded rump, a deep chest, and the lower line retracts at the level of the belly. The cola it is long, set high, thicker at the base and thinner at the tip.

exist two varieties of Chinese Crested as for its fur, the so-called “powder puff” or hairy and the “hairless” except on the head, tail and legs. The two varieties can be born from the same litter.

A dominant gen is the one that causes the characteristic of born without hair and dogs that have two copies of this gene do not survive to embryonic development. For this reason, both varieties are essential for the breed to survive.

In the variety “hairless”, the fur on the head, tail and legs is soft, long, silky, although sometimes narrow; and the skin is soft and smooth. It is also necessary that they protect it from extreme temperatures, both hot and cold. Like most hairless breeds, these dogs they tend to have crooked or missing teeth.

The variety “powder puff” presents a double coat of soft, smooth, long and silky hair. In both varieties of Chinese Crested it is accepted any color and combination of colors.

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Behavior

The Chinese Crested is a breed very active, cheerful, adorable, friendly, lively, familiar and obedient.

Enjoy of the company of people and does not like to be left alone for long periods of time or they will develop destructive habits or even separation anxiety. It’s a very loyal dog, loves being with its owners and is very good with children. With strangers it is usually shy and always alert.

The Chinese Crested is a miniature breed that you do not need a lot of daily exercise, however, you do need to go out to stroll, socialize and play.

If since they are puppies they are given a good education and a good socialization process, This breed can get along very well with people and other animals.

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Health and care

The Chinese Crested is a strong and healthy dog, however they sometimes suffer from some pathologies.

Some of the most prominent diseases of this breed are the skin problems. In the case of hairless Chinese Crests, it is important to apply sunscreen before exposing it to sunlight to avoid skin burns, In addition, it is also very important to protect it from the cold, scratches, etc.

Other problems that have been diagnosed in this breed are: patella luxation, eye disorders, Calvé-Perthes-Legg disease, early tooth loss, etc.

It should be noted that not all these diseases will happen to the same animal, however these diseases that we cite are those that have suffered in its history as a breed.

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Nutrition

The food that we must provide to our dog must be of high quality. On our website we have analyzed the best foods on the market for small breeds and the best natural feed for your pet so that you can compare and choose the best option.

The daily amount will depend on the type of food, the animal’s age, weight, physical activity and physical condition. Food can be offered in one serving or up to three.

On certain occasions the addition of supplements. One of those that is often provided to this breed, especially the “hairless” variety, are omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, these are used to improve the condition of their skin and hair, increasing the barrier protective and in this way trying to reduce skin problems. Before giving any supplement check with your vet, since giving the wrong supplement can cause the animal more harm than good.

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Cleanliness

Depending on the variety of Chinese Crested, their care will be different.

The fur of the “powder puff” needs to be brushing once or twice a week to stay healthy and silky.

Variety “hairless” besides that he needs to be brush the tail, head and legs, need to know hydrate the skin if it dries up, Solar protection as long as you are going to expose yourself to the sun and shelter when it is cold. With respect to dental care of this variety must be greater than other dogs, since the genetics of hairless dogs is related to a bad teething.

Regarding the bathroom, it is advisable to do it every six weeks in variety “powder puff” and More frequently in variety “hairless”. The bathroom must be without chemical agents with an artificial aroma. It is advisable to use lotions and natural soaps, rich in vitamin E y Aloe vera.

Finally, it must visit the vet every six months for a routine visit and every time something unusual is observed in the dog.

Q. Is there a Chinese Crested with hair?

A: Yes, the hairless Chinese Crested is the best known worldwide, however, this breed has two varieties, one with hair all over the body and the other that only has hair on the head, tail and legs.

Q. What types of Chinese Crested are there?

A: We can differentiate two varieties regarding their coat, the “powder puff” variety and the “hairless” variety, both are the same regarding their behavior, their only difference is the appearance of their coat and their teeth, both related to their genetics.

Q. How long does a Chinese Crested live?

A: The Chinese Crested breed has a life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years, provided it is a healthy dog.

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conclusion

The Chinese crested It is an exceptional breed to have as a pet, since it is an affectionate, familiar, lively and sweet canine, however it is important to bear in mind that they need a good education, socialization and daily time to be balanced, healthy and happy pets.

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