Chihuahua: all about these small breeds of canines

Lot Chihuahuas or Chihuahueños are dogs faithful, friendly, and very familiar. In the case of one of the most popular breeds currently around the world.

In addition to being an excellent pet, it is an intelligent, energetic, and affectionate companion. Comes from Mexico, specifically from Chihuahua, and its name literally means “arid and sandy place.”

But there are still many more aspects about this breed that we need to know if we want to have it as a pet.

Chihuahua Breed Information


  • AKC Classification: Miniature
  • UKC Classification: Service dog

Physical characteristics

  • Height: 15- 35 cm.
  • Body mass: 1- 3 kg.
  • Life expectancy: 12-20 years
  • Personality: sociable, active, intelligent, very faithful and affectionate.
  • Hair Colors: white, black, brown, chocolate, cream and a combination of the above.


  • Family: fell.
  • Kids: very good companion.
  • Strangers: friendly and caring.
  • Tendency to bark: moderate-high.


  • General health: high.
  • Loose hair: half.
  • Need for exercise: high.
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Origin and history

Although its exact origin is unknown, this breed was discovered around the year 1850 in Chihuahua, a state north of Mexico. Some experts believe that it was the Aztecs and Toltecs who developed this breed since once there was a small dog, called a chichi, which formed an important part of the Toltec and Aztec cultures. The technics were the pets of the rich and were cremated with the deceased owners so that they could enter the other world without angering the gods. But it is not the only theory, as others think that race maybe a descendant of Spanish dogs from the 16th century. There are also currents that believe that the Central American Indians used Chihuahuas as food, while others believe that they were sacred to religion.

The first chihuahua registered with the AKC, a little boy named Beppie, was registered in 1908.

The famous conductor Xavier Cugat did a lot to popularize Chihuahuas in the 1940s and 1950s, as he would always go on stage with one under his arm. Most recently, they were featured in “Beverly Hills Chihuahua,” “Legally Blonde,” and “Sex and the City.” And because of these appearances and their spectacular characteristics, the popularity, appreciation and demand of the dogs of this breed.

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Chihuahua are dogs thin, compact, delicate and slightly longer than tall.

its height is usually between 15 and 23 cm, its weight is between 1.8 to 2.7 kg, and its Life expectancy is around 15 years.

Son the smallest breed of dog there is, his skull is shaped like an apple and his ears are erect of natural form.

Chihuahuas have a domed skull and some individuals have a soft area on the top of the head, due to the fact that the bones have not completely joined, this cleft is known as mollera.

its snout is short and tapered and his tail is long and they carry it lifted on their backs.

Chihuahuas can present two types of hair: straight and short or long and soft with fringes on the ears and legs. The colors that they can present are white, black, brown, chocolate, cream and the combination of these, being able to be tricolor, with lines and speckles.

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Chihuahua is very curious, lively, intelligent, and affectionate.

They are dogs very energetic, barking and always alert, It is a breed that does not accept strangers, children and other animals well unless it is carried out since they are puppies a good process of socialization and education, to get them used to living with different people and animals. If this process is successful It will be a friendly dog ​​with humans and other animals.

They like to be in a pack of Chihuahuas or similar-sized dogs and they are excellent companion dogs. Pay continuous attention and they are faithful to their owners. They like to be entertaining and active, This is why walks, games and interactive toys are very important, both inside and outside, to stimulate them and not get bored.

It is a breed of dog very familiar which frequently demonstrates jealous attitude, territorial and possessive with their owners, but he does not usually show surly or violent attitudes.

The Chihuahuas adapt easily to life in a small apartment, however, due to its high energy, we must take him out for a walk at least twice a day.

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Health and care

Although the Chihuahua are resistant, strong and healthy dogs, sometimes they suffer from pathologies, among which are:

Trachea collapse: Due to its anatomy as a toy breed, the collapse of the trachea is common in animals of middle and old age, due to progressive degeneration of the tracheal cartilaginous rings. For this reason, it is recommended to bring the Chihuahua with harness and treat them gently.

Patella luxation: It is another very frequent pathology in this breed and the other toy breeds. To try to prevent it, be careful with steps, jumps and intense exercise.

Obesity: is one of the most prominent pathologies in animals of advanced age, it may be due to A bad diet, to a lack of exercise or both. To prevent weight gain we must ensure that our animal carries a healthy and active life, as obesity will aggravate any problems that our pet can present.

Other pathologies that occur in Chihuahuas are: secondary glaucoma, cleft palate or palatoschisis, epilepsy, herniated disc, hemophilia A, heart disease, gingivitis, etc.

It should be noted that not all these diseases are going to happen to the same animal, it really is a strong and healthy breed, however, these diseases that we cite are those that have suffered in its history as a breed.

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The food that we should offer to our dog should be high quality and the daily amount will depend on the type of food, the age of the animal, its weight and physical condition.

Due to the tendency of this breed to obesity, it is very important to choose a food suitable for its breed and size. There are many specific feeds for Chihuahuas and here we analyze the best ones.

Chihuahua breed
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Depending on the type of hair that our Chihuahua has, straight and short or long and soft with fringes on the ears and legs, coat care will be different. In those with short hair, it is enough one or two brushings a week, while those with long hair will need a little more care, about three brushings a week. And when they shed their hair, they can brush more frequently, to promote hair loss during brushing and not throughout the house.

In the winter months it is advisable, especially for short-haired ones, to protect them from the cold.

With respect to bathroom, it is advisable to do it every six weeks and without using artificially scented chemicals. It is advisable to use natural lotions and soaps, rich in vitamin E and Aloe vera.

Finally, it must visit the vet every six months for a routine visit and every time something unusual is observed in the dog.

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Frequent questions

Q. Is the Chihuahua a fragile breed or one with many diseases?

A: The Chihuahua, being a toy breed, presents a fragility related to its small size, however with respect to its general health it is a strong and healthy breed, which can suffer from diseases like any living being.

Q. How are short-haired and long-haired Chihuahua different?

A: The only difference they have is the length of their hair (straight and short or long and smooth with fringes on the ears and legs), since all the other physical and behavioral characteristics are identical.

Q. Does the Chihuahua get along well with other dogs, cats, or other animals?

A: It is a breed that needs a good process of socialization and education since they are puppies to be sociable animals in their adult stage, if this process is not carried out correctly they can have problems socializing.

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The Chihuahua It can be one of the best breeds as companion dogs since they are very loyal and affectionate animals, however, it is important to know that they need a good education, socialization and daily time, walks and games, to be balanced, healthy and happy pets.

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