All About Bichon Frize Dog Breed

The Bichon Frize or curly haired bichon It is similar to other bichons in terms of size and characteristics. This breed stands out as a companion animal due to its cheerful, lively, playful and funny character, but above all it is an excellent breed if you have never had a dog, since it is easy to train and adapts very quickly.

But there are still many more aspects about this breed Bichón Frize that we need to know if we want to have it as a companion dog.

Bichon Frize Breed Information


  • AKC Classification: Company.
  • CUKC Lasification: Service dog

Physical characteristics

  • Height: 15- 35 cm.
  • Body mass: 3- 10kg.
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Personality: friendly, fun, lively, playful, loving and intelligent.
  • Hair Colors: white with cream, yellow or apricot shades.


  • Family: leal.
  • Kids: friendly and fun.
  • Strangers: friendly.
  • Tendency to bark: baja.


  • General health: high.
  • Loose hair: baja.
  • Need for exercise: high.
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Origin and history

The Water spaniel O Barbet, The Mediterranean was already known in the 12th century. From their crosses, it is suspected that various races were created. From the Barbet originated the «Barbichon», which later became «Bichon»And from this the Maltese Bichon, the Bolognese Bichon, the Havanese and the Bichon Tenerife. It seems that the latter is the direct ancestor of the current frize, and owed its name to its origin, in the Canary Island of Tenerife.

This breed was brought by sailors to Europe and became very popular in France around 1852.

Like other breeds, the Tenerife Bichon practically disappeared during the First World War. But this breed was rescued by French breeders, although under the name of bichón a poíl frisé (curly-haired bichon), and since then it has been known as bichón frize.

During World War II the dog population also decreased but stabilized in the 1950s when the Bichon Frize was exported to the American continent.

The breed was recognized in 1973 by the AKC as a non-sporting dog.

Today this breed is known throughout the world, although it is not excessively popular, as a companion dog and at dog shows.

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The Bichon frize is characterized by its fur long, fluffy and curly, consisting of a silky but curly outer coat and a soft undercoat. They are white with cream, yellow or apricot shades. However, the only color accepted by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) for the Bichon Frize is the pure white.

This breed is longer than tall and characterizes it as a dog slim, proportionate and muscular.

its head it is well proportioned to its body, flattened at the top and the eyes are dark and rounded and have a lively and alert expression. They naturally have the ears drooping, covered in thin, curly hair.

The lomo He has curly hair, is broad and muscular. The chest it is well developed and the flanks collected, this gives it an elongated, fine and elegant appearance.

And lastly, your cola feathered with low insertion, it is normally carried on its back.

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According to the Kennel Club, the Bichon Frize is characterized by being cheerful, happy and full of life, with a temperament friendly and outgoing. Without forgetting what it is kind, sensitive, playful and affectionate.

a Bichon It is ideal to live as a family, surrounded by affection, it is an excellent companion dog, since in addition to giving love it will also give it and above all we must not forget its fun and playful side. Besides that they are considered very good with children.

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Health and care

The Bichon Frize is a healthy breed with few frequent illnesses.

However, there are diseases and pathologies that they usually suffer, however most are in advanced ages.

One of the most frequent problems in this breed is overweight, This can be prevented by administering a good diet from puppies and the amount corresponding to their age, breed and weight.

Another recurring pathology is medial patellar dislocation, it can be genetic or it can be due to an excess of intense exercise or the total lack of it.

On the other hand, to avoid tooth loss and gingivitis, As it is a very common disease in adults of this breed, it is advisable to perform oral cleanings at your trusted veterinarian when they are necessary, in addition to providing the dog with adequate nutrition from an early age.

And other of the genetic diseases that they can suffer are the juvenile cataracts, urinary problems when creating bladder stones, otitis, skin allergies, etc.

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The food that we should offer to our dog should be high quality, and the daily amount will depend on the type of food, the age of the animal, its weight and physical condition.

Food can be offered in one serving or up to three. It is important that in these breeds that can present bladder stone problems, overweight, etc., the food is chosen consciously, since the wrong food can cause irreparable damage to your pet. It is important that if you have doubts check with your vet, since giving a food or supplement can cause more harm than good.

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His hair is fluffy and curly. The brushed should be daily to prevent hair from tangling and knotting. Therefore, it is noteworthy that their general grooming needs are high and it is necessary to have adequate time as owners to be able to give them this care.

With respect to bathroom in the Bichon Frize they are more necessary than in other breeds, since they tend to get dirty easily. However, if it can be avoided, it is best to space the bathrooms as much as possible, so that you do not lose your natural skin protection and avoid allergies. It is advisable to use natural lotions and soaps, rich in vitamin E and Aloe vera specific for dogs.

In addition to the bath, it is also recommended that you go to a dog groomer to give it a specific and appropriate shape, characteristic of the breed, but this is optional.

Finally, it must visit the vet every six months for a routine consultation and whenever something unusual is observed in the animal.

Q. Can I find a Bichon Frize in other colors?

A: No, the only color accepted by the International Cytological Federation (FCI) for the Bichon Frize is the pure throw, although we also find whites with cream, yellow or apricot shades.

Q. Does the Bichon Frize shed a lot of hair?

A: No, despite having long hair, it is very strong, but daily brushing and frequent bathing are always important to avoid knots, wounds and skin reactions that will cause further hair loss.

Q. Is the Bichon Frize aggressive towards other dogs, cats or other animals?

A: By nature it is not aggressive, however, it is advisable to socialize the animal from puppyhood so that it gets used to being with other dogs, people and other types of animals, in this way it will be much more sociable.

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The Bichón frize It’s one of the best companion dogs, Especially if you have never had a dog before, since it is a canine with spectacular characteristics, however it is important to have in that they need a good education, socialization and daily time to be balanced, healthy and happy pets.

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